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Forest history and human impact on the Tyrrhenian coast of Calabria

Our team is reconstructing the landscape history of a Bronze Age settlement

Although the Bronze Age development in Southern Italy has attracted scholar’s interest in the past, in this region, there is a lack of systematic archaeological excavations of Bronze Age settlements. For the coasts south of the Gulf of Naples, no exhaustive data on Bronze Age settlement sites are available.

An extensive research excavation with largely inter-disciplinary approach is currently carried out by Prof. Marco Pacciarelli (University of Naples Federico II) and Prof. Reihnard Jung (University of Salsburg) in the fortified settlement of Punta di Zambrone on the Tyrrhenian coast of Calabria – Southern Italy. The site is characterised by a richness of the remains (as artefacts as well ecofacts) and by the possibility to investigate a long chronology spanning from Early Bronze Age to recent Bronze Age. In this context the wider project, titled “Punta di Zambrone – a Bronze Age Fortified Settlement on the Tyrrhenian coast of Calabria” aims at a full historical reconstructions of economy, political relationships across the Mediterranean and development of these past societies using a largely inter-disciplinary approach.

Systematic sampling of settlement layers between 2011 and 2013 have already demonstrated a wide amount of plant remains. In this context, charcoal analysis will be carried out at the site in order to reconstruct at local scale the vegetation history of this coastal sector of Southern Italy.




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