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The vineyards of the Alberata Aversana (southern Italy)

An extraordinary evidence of rural landscape as cultural heritage


The Piantata (or Alberata) Aversana is an extraordinary evidence of rural landscape as cultural heritage. It is a particular training system of growing vines (Vitis vinifera) availing of alive tutors characterizing the district between the cities of Naples and Caserta (Campania, Southern Italy). This relict landscape following Emilio Sereni’s studies could be a today’s representation of the Etruscan manner of growing vines. Indeed, this training system avails of alive tutors, such as poplar (Populus alba) or elm trees (Ulmus), unlike the Greek training system using dead tutors such as poles.

This 2500 years old landscape risks to completely disappearing. Recent study surveys devoted to protect and promote this heritage show that these vineyards reduced by 80% their extension in the Campanian plain, from 1956 to present. This is due to the circumstance that this district has undergone great urban expansion and land abandonment; more, environmental crimes took place in the area, which is unfortunately also rich in illegal dumping ground.

Our investigation showed an extraordinary resemblance of the Alberata landscape with certain Caucasian wine-growing landscapes, also in ethnographic terms; this evidence implies several interesting hypothesis on the real origin of this training system.

 

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